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Choosing a BibTeX Style

The great feature of BibTeX is that it takes a standardized database of books, articles, and other bibliographic entries and puts it in a customized format. A BibTeX style can change how a work is cited and how the bibliography is formatted. For more about using BibTeX than is described here, read our BibTeX documentation.

How to Use a Specific Style

  1. Choose your BibTeX style from the list below. Place it in the same folder as your LaTeX document.
  2. Change the \bibliographystyle line of your LaTeX document to reflect the style you chose. Remember to remove the file extension. For example, if you wanted to use the American Anthropologist style, \bibliographystyle{ filename} would become \bibliographystyle{humannat}.
  3. Many BibTeX styles require the inclusion of a package at the top of the document. The comments about a style will tell you exactly how to include its package. To learn more about your specific style, open up the .bst in your LaTeX editor or read the readme file, if available.
  4. Anytime you want to cite a document, type \cite[ pagenumber]{ citekey}. The square brackets and page number are optional. Some BibTeX styles use non-standard citations. Such styles include citation directions within the .bst itself or an included readme file.
  5. You will need to typeset your document four times, first LaTeX, BibTeX, LaTeX, and then LaTeX again. Your bibliography will now appear in the style of your choice and your citations will be correctly formatted. If question marks appear where citations should, that means you need to LaTeX your document once more. If the citations are entirely missing, you have likely forgotten to BibTeX your document.
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The Seven Standard Styles

Every computer with LaTeX comes with the following seven standard styles. While they work, we recommend the natbib interpretations below. NatBib is a citation package that standardizes citation commands across many different bibliography styles, so you can switch from using plain.bst to acm.bst without having to change your in-text citations.

plain.bst

acm.bst

ieeetr.bst

alpha.bst

abbrv.bst

siam.bst
 
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Styles Recommended by Reed

The following two styles were created or modified by Reed to match the following style manuals as closely as possible. Right-click (Control-Click on a Mac) on the linked name to download the style you want.

APA Style (American Psychology Association)
This is a custom style created by Ben Salzberg to duplicate the APA style as closely as possible. Make sure to include natbib as a package or it won't work. The following line should appear in the preamble: \usepackage{natbib}. 
Modern Language Associate Style (MLA)

This is a custom style created by Ben Salzberg to duplicate the Modern Language Associate style manual (6th Edition) as closely as possible. Make sure to include natbib as a package or it won't work. The following line should appear in the preamble: \usepackage{natbib}. MLA asks for citations of the form (LastName PageNumber), which is unsupported by Natbib's citation styles. We have asked Dr. Patrick Daly to provide support for these type of parenthetical citations in his next revision of natbib. In the meantime, citations of the following form will provide the correct citation:

(\citeauthor*{citekey} pagenumber)

 


Natbib Standard Styles

plainnat.bst

abbrvnat.bst

unsrtnat.bst

(Items in bibliography sorted in order cited)

 

Citation Commands Within Natbib

Author Name Styles look like this:

Numerical Styles look like this:

For additional modifications not covered above, this is a great NatBib reference sheet put out by a physical science professor in France.

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Biblatex-Chicago Style

This style supports properly formatted Chicago-style footnote citations. The first cite is complete; subsequent cites are abbreviated.

To use this new version of the Chicago bibliography style, comment out the \usepackage{natbib} line in the preamble, add the line \usepackage[options]{biblatex-chicago} and specify your .bib file in the preamble as well with \bibliography{filename}. For example, to get Chicago parenthetical citations to work, try \usepackage[authordate,autocite=inline,backend=bibtex]{biblatex-chicago}. At the end of the document where the bibliography is inserted, you will comment out the \bibliographystyle command and \bibliography{filename}. Use the \printbibliography command to actually produce the bibliography. The complete command should resemble \printbibliography[heading=bibintoc] or else your bibliography will not be included in the table of contents.

There are many additional options for this style, including annotated bibliography entries. Explore the Biblatex-Chicago readme on CTAN to find customizations.

Styles Available at CTAN.org

CTAN.org is the official LaTeX archive containing both the official LaTeX packages and items contributed by LaTeX users. Many of these BibTeX styles have either been created by journal editors or publishers for their authors or by users creating packages to fulfill a personal need. One problem with the user-contributed styles is that they may not match the official style they claim to implement exactly. However, the journal-specific styles will exactly match the journal's house style, as they were designed by the journals. Therefore, we recommend testing any non-journal style by using it with a large BibTeX database and compare the resulting bibliography to the official style.

Discipline Specific Listings of BibTeX Journal Styles

  • Art
  • Anthropology
    • Human Nature (humannat.bst)
    • American Anthropologist (humannat.bst)
    • Behavior and Brain Sciences (bbs.bst)
  • Biology
    • American Journal of Human Genetics (ajhg.bst)
    • American Medical Association Journals (JAMA, Cancer, etc.) (ama.bst)
    • Applied Bioinformatics (openmind.bst, include openmind package)
    • Applied Bionics and Biomechanics (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Biotechnology, Food Science and Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Environmental Science and Public Health (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Health Economics and Health Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Nanoscience (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Applied Population and Policy (openmind.bst, include openmind)
    • Behavior and Brain Sciences (bbs.bst)
    • Bioinformatics (bioinformatics.bst, include bioinformatics package)
    • Council of Biology Editors (includes such journals as American Naturalist, Evolution, etc) (cbe.bst)
    • Cell (cell.bst)
    • Development (development.bst)
    • Ecology (ecology.bst, include natbib, emboj, floatfig packages)
    • Human Biology (humanbio.bst)
    • Human Mutation (humanmutation.bst, include humanmutation package)
    • Journal of Bacteriology (jbact.bst)
    • Journal of Molecular Biology (jmb.bst)
    • Journal of Neuroscience (namedplus.sty, include namedplus package)
    • Journal of Super Computing (jsupercomp,include jsupercomp package)
    • Journal of Theoretical Biology (jtb.bst and newjtb.bst)
    • Methods in Enzymology (methenz.bst)
    • Molecular Cell Biology (molcellbiol, include molcellbiol package)
    • National Cancer Institute (nci.bst, include nci and \usepackage[normalem]{ulem})
    • Nature (nature.bst, include nature, citesuppernumber, naturefem packages)
    • Neuron (neuron.bst)
    • Nucleic Acid Research (nar.bst)
    • PLoS: Public Library of Science Journals (plos.bst, include natbib package)
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (pnas.bst)
    • Proteins (proteins.bst, include proteins, citesupernumber packages)
    • Science (science.bst, scicite.sty)
  • Chemistry
    • American Chemical Society Journals (achemso.bst, include achemso package)
    • Journal of Computation Chemistry (jcc.bst)
    • Journal of Physical Chemistry (jpc.bst)
    • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics (pccp.bst)
    • Reviews in Computational Chemistry (revcompchem.bst)
  • Chinese
  • Classics
    • Ancient Greek
    • Latin
  • Dance
  • Economics
    • American Economic Review (aer.bst, include harvard, aer, aertt, and ulem packages)
    • Canadian Journal of Economics (cje.bst, include cje package)
    • Econometrica (econometrica.bst, include harvard package)
    • Economic Theory (et.bst, include et package)
    • Journal of Economics and Business (JEB.bst, include JEB, harvard, endnotes, caption2 packages)
    • Journal of Finance (jf.bst, include harvard package)
    • Journal of Investing (JOI.bst, include JOI, harvard, endnotes, caption2 packages)
    • Macroeconomic Dynamics (et.bst, include et package)
    • Review of Financial Studies (rfs.bst)
  • English and Creative Writing
  • French - translations of standard styles
    • Abbreviated (abbrv-fr.bst)
    • Alphabetical (alpha-fr.bst)
    • Plain (plain-fr.bst)
    • Unsorted (unsrt-fr.bst)
  • German
    • DIN 1505 Standard aka Author-Year Style
      • Abbreviated (abbrvdin.bst)
      • Alphabetical (alphadin.bst)
      • Nat Bib for German (natdin.bst)
      • Plain (plaindin.bst)
      • Unsorted (unsrtdin.bst)
    • Germbib Package
      • Abbreviated (gerabbrv.bst)
      • Alphabetical (geralpha.bst)
      • Apalike (gerapali.bst)
      • Plain (gerplain.bst)
      • Unsorted (gerunsrt.bst)
  • History
  • Linguistics
    • CSLI (cslibib.bst)
    • Language (laslike.bst)
    • Lingua (lingua.bst)
    • Linguistic Society of America style sheet (lsalike.bst)
    • Natural Language Semantics (nals.bst)
  • Mathematics
    • Association for Computing Machinery (acm.bst)
    • Association for Computing Machinery Transactions (acmtrans.bst)
    • American Mathematical Society
      • alphabetical (amsalpha.bst)
      • plain (amsplain.bst)
    • American Statistical Association Journals (asa.bst, include \bibpunct{(}{)}{;}{a}{}{,} in the preamble)
      • American Statistician
      • Journal of Agricultural, Biological, and Environmental Statistics
      • Journal of the American Statistical Association
      • Journal of Business and Economic Statistics
      • Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
      • Technometrics
    • Biometrika (biometrika.bst)
    • Computer Journal (cj.bst)
    • Design Computing Unit, University of Sydney (dcu.bst)
    • IEEE Transactions (ieeetr.bst)
    • Institute of Mathematical Statistics Journals (ims.bst)
      • Annals of Applied Probability
      • Annals of Probability
      • Annals of Statistics
    • Journal of the Royal Statistical Society (rss.bst)
    • SIAM
    • Numerical Algorithms (numalg.bst)
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
  • Music
  • Philosophy
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
  • Physics
    • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (aaai.bst)
    • American Institute of Physics Journal (phaip.bst)
    • Astronomy (astron.bst)
    • Computer Physics Communications (phcpc.bst)
    • International Atomic Energy Agency Conferences (phiaea.bst)
    • IEEE with annotations(IEEEannot.bst)
    • IEEE Transactions (ieeetr.bst)
    • Journal of Computational Physics (phjcp.bst)
    • Journal of Quality Technology (jqt1999.bst)
    • Nuclear Fusion
    • Nuclear Fusion Letters
    • Optical Society of America (osa.bst)
    • Physics of Fluids
    • Reviews of Modern Physics (amsrmp.bst)
    • Physical Review (covers A, B, C, D, E, Special Topics, Focus, and Letters) (apsrev.bst)
    • Translate Physics Journals Initials into Full Names
  • Political Science
  • Psychology (various APA styles) (We recommend apa-good)
    • apalike
    • apa-good
    • apalike2
    • newapa
    • phapalik
    • apasoft
    • apacite
  • Religion
  • Russian (supporting Russian and Ukrainian)
    • GOST 7.1 1984
      • Sorted (gost71s.bst)
      • Unsorted (gost71u.bst)
    • GOST 7.80 2000
      • Sorted (gost780s.bst)
      • Unsorted (gost780u.bst)
  • Spanish
  • Sociology
    • American Journal of Sociology (ajs.bst)
    • American Sociological Review (asr.bst)
  • Theatre
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